The second keynote speaker on Day One was Dr Ron Ritchhart, a Senior Researcher at Project Zero,
Harvard Graduate School of Education. Ron’s interest focuses on creating cultures of thinking to develop
understanding. His publications demonstrate that teaching is both a complex art and science (2011,
2015, 2020). The keynote reviewed the goal and practices associated with making thinking visible,
drawing from his own research (2011,2020). Since learning is a consequence of thinking, Ron posed
two questions in his inquiry approach: What kinds of thinking are we, as teachers, trying to promote,
and how do we make this invisible thinking process more visible?